You can take an active role in preventing infections. It is important for you to speak up if you have questions or concerns about your care.


Infections (including those affecting the bloodstream) are the second leading cause of death among hemodialysis patients. Handwashing is the most important and simplest way to prevent the spread of infection between patients and staff. Staff caring for you must know when to wash their hands, wear and change their gloves, and wipe down the equipment between patient shifts.

Immunizations for Dialysis Patients

Another important way to prevent infectious diseases is by being immunized. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the following immunizations for dialysis and transplant patients: COVID-19, Influenza, Pneumococcal (Pneumonia), and Hepatitis B. The costs of immunizations are covered for Medicare patients.

Learn more about preventing infections

Dialysis Patients Speak is a short video that teaches you what to look for in your care to prevent infection.

6 Tips to Prevent Dialysis Infections is a pocketcard with simple steps you can take to prevent infections.

What immunizations do I need? is a brochure from the National Kidney Foundation that covers which vaccinations you should have and what risks you face by not getting vaccinated.